Test Info: SAT

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The SAT Reasoning Test is a standardized test developed by the College Board and ETS (Educational Testing Service) accepted by nearly every college or university in the United States. It is divided into two main sections: Evidence-Based Reading and Writing (also known as Verbal) and Math. The Evidence-Based Reading and Writing section comprises two exams, one in Reading and one in Writing & Language.

Each Verbal section is scored out of 400 points, and they combine to give an Evidence-Based Reading and Writing score ranging from 200 to 800 points; the Math portion of the SAT, though it is split into a calculator-based and non-calculator section, is scored holistically on a scale from 200 to 800. Thus, the SAT’s total score, the sum of the scores from the Verbal and Math sections, ranges from 400 to 1600 points. With the exception of the grid-in portion of the Math sections, the SAT is presented in a multiple-choice format. Students are allotted 3 hours to take the test.

The SAT also includes an optional Essay section, given at the end of the exam. Students are given 50 minutes to complete the Essay, which tests reading, analysis, and writing skills. Each Essay is graded using a rubric with three dimensions, with a score of 2 to 8 for each dimension. Essay results are reported separately from the 1600-point SAT score. Postsecondary institutions determine individually whether or not they will require the Essay for admission.

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